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Medical News

American Medical News for 20 Nov 2017

Compact Ring Drive 250B with Built-in Brake

Medical Design Technology - 20 Nov 2017 16:55
Product Announcement The 250B includes a built-in zero backlash locking/brake design that delivers twice the nominal torque without increasing the CRD footprint ... Contributed Author: Nexen Group... Inc.
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News Balloon Buddies is designed to level the playing field by allowing healthy participants to support the less abled player ... Contributed Author: Imperial College London
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Carefully Crafted Light Pulses Control Neuron Activity

Medical Design Technology - 20 Nov 2017 16:38
News Chemists have used such carefully crafted light beams, called coherent control, to regulate chemical reactions, but this study is the first demonstration of using them to control function in a... living cell ... Contributed Author: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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News Researchers using MRI have discovered a common pattern of structural abnormalities in the brains of people with depression and social anxiety ... Contributed Author: Radiological Society of North... America Topics: Medical Diagnostics
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Video of the Day: Robotic Hand to Grasp Objects

Medical Design Technology - 20 Nov 2017 16:23
Videos Researchers from Wyss Institute at Harvard University have developed a soft robotic glove for those who have lost their ability to grasp objects due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and... other injures ... Staff Author: Lexie Metzler Topics: Prosthetics
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Motorcycle accidents are costly in terms of lives and health care costs. Compared with car accidents, motorcycle accidents cause three times the injuries, six times the medical costs and 5 times the... deaths, found new research. Despite better motor vehicle safety, injuries from motorcycle crashes have not improved.
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Doctors Still PrescribeDespite a warning from the Food and Drug Administration about the safety risks of codeine, a new study found that 1 in 20 children was still getting the medication after undergoing tonsillectomy and... adenoidectomy.
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Sugar, Not Fat, Causes WeightWeight gain and obesity are linked to the excess consumption of sugar. Eating fat does not make a person fat, a professor of medicine recently stated in his new book.
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Pregnant Women Should Sleep OnThere's an easy way to decrease the risk of stillbirth, according to a new study. Apparently, women must sleep on their side instead of their backs to avoid increased risks of stillbirth.
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(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) A national cooperative group trial is making a handful of the country's experts in a rare leukemia available around the clock, with the goal of... cutting by more than half the high mortality rates that occur in the difficult first few weeks of treatment.Induction mortality for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, or APL, can be as high as 30 percent, but for patients who survive those first few weeks, survival rates can soar beyond 90 percent, making it the most curable leukemia.
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Diagnosing the impacts of health policy

EurekAlert! - 20 Nov 2017 07:00
(King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)) KAUST shows a new statistical technique offers a better way to gauge the effectiveness of complex healthcare interventions.
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(Future Science Group) The Future Science Group (FSG) published journal, Future Oncology, has released a special focus issue that examines the field of image guided therapy in oncology, highlighting... the latest advancements in image guided therapy and the application of several techniques in a number of cancer types.
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(Food Allergy Research & Education) The breastmilk of mothers exposed to egg during pregnancy and breastfeeding has been found to protect nursing newborns against egg allergy symptoms. This research... in mice, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, reinforces recent guidance that women should not avoid allergenic foods while they are pregnant or breastfeeding.
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(University of Tampere) Scientists at the University of Tampere (Finland) and the Karolinska Institutet (Sweden) have demonstrated that an enterovirus vaccine can protect against virus-induced... diabetes in a mouse model for Type 1 diabetes.
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Neurobiology: Fixated on food?

EurekAlert! - 20 Nov 2017 07:00
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) Contrast has an impact on the optokinetic reflex, which enables us to clearly perceive the landscape from a moving train. Researchers from... Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have now shown that visual features that modulate this ability are encoded in the retina.
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(Springer) The Prostate Health Index (phi) is a cost-effective tool used by urologists to detect prostate cancer. It reduces the risk of over diagnosis, and cuts down on the need to send men for... unnecessary and often uncomfortable biopsies. So says Jay White of Carolina Urology Partners in the US, lead author of a study in the journal Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases, published by Springer Nature.
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(CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences) The severe and debilitating genetic disease Xeroderma pigmentosum impedes cells to repair UV-induced DNA damage.... Scientists from CeMM found a drug approved for diabetes treatment to alleviate the impact of the gene defect in cell culture, which led to the discovery of a previously unknown DNA repair mechanism. The study was published in Molecular Cell.
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(Brigham and Women's Hospital) BWH investigators report on the results from a pilot study of 15 individuals who received a prescription to take oxycodone digital pills as needed following treatment... for acute fractures. The team found that the opioid-naïve patients self-administered opioids to manage pain for only a brief period and only took a fraction of the number of pills they were given.
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(European Society for Medical Oncology) A randomised trial in 650 patients has confirmed the safety and efficacy of a new second line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer, researchers report at... the ESMO Asia 2017 Congress.
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(University of Eastern Finland) Benzodiazepine and related drug use is associated with a 40 percent increase in mortality among persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study from the... University of Eastern Finland. The findings were published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.
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Many cancer survivors are living with PTSD

EurekAlert! - 20 Nov 2017 07:00
(Wiley) A recent study showed approximately one-fifth of patients with cancer experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) several months after diagnosis, and many of these patients continued to... live with PTSD years later.
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(European Society for Medical Oncology) Osimertinib improves progression-free survival compared to standard first line therapy in Asian patients with EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC),... according to the Asian subset analysis of the FLAURA trial presented at the ESMO Asia 2017 Congress, sumultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
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Thinking big by burning small

EurekAlert! - 20 Nov 2017 07:00
(University of the Witwatersrand) A recent paper by scientists from Wits University in South Africa shows how creative fire management can increase habitat for wildebeest and other grazing animals in... national parks. The work shows that small, repeated fires can have a concentrating effect on animals, and create 'grazing-lawn ecosystems' where food quality is higher and herbivores can see predators from further away.
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(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Motorcycle accidents are costly in terms of lives and health care costs. Compared with car accidents, motorcycle accidents cause three times the injuries, six... times the medical costs and 5 times the deaths, found new research in CMAJ. Despite better motor vehicle safety, injuries from motorcycle crashes have not improved.
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(University of Sydney) Identification of three molecules that can be used to accurately assess pre-diabetes -- a key predictor of conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure -- has brought... precision medicine for humans a step closer.
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