American Medical News for 22 Sep 2017
Product Announcement Aved Electro-mechanical Box Build Assemblies are fully optimized for design and manufacturability (DFM) to provide a complete connectorized solution ... Contributed Author: Aved... Electronics, Inc.
News Users can ask Amazon Alexa for medical information through a program set up by the Mayo Clinic ... Staff Author: Lexie Metzler Topics: Home Healthcare
News Small-animal imaging has become an important research tool for preclinical studies of infectious diseases ... Contributed Author: US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases Topics:... Medical Diagnostics
News Scientists have reintroduced a technology into physics research that, nowadays, is mainly used in medicine: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ... Contributed Author: Oliver Morsch
News The foam measures the impact of a hit via electrical signals ... Contributed Author: Brigham Young University Topics: Neurology
Whether or not we consciously perceive the stimuli projected onto our retina is decided in our brain. A recent study shows how some signals dissipate along the processing path to conscious perception.... This process begins at rather late stages of signal processing. By contrast, in earlier stages there is hardly any difference in the reaction of neurons to conscious and unconscious stimuli.
An estimated 275 fewer children were born in Flint, Michigan, while the city was using lead-contaminated water from the Flint River, according to new research findings.
Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, say researchers. Scientists culled national VA databases to evaluate the effects of air... pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5 million people over a period of 8.5 years, beginning in 2004. The scientists compared VA data on kidney function to air-quality levels collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
A system called "Beta-bow", which allows the history of beta-cells to be traced by genetic bar-coding and multicolor imaging, has been developed by researchers.
A new syndrome caused by biallelic mutations -- those produced in both gene copies inherited from the mother and father -- in the FANCM gene predisposes the body to the appearance of tumors and causes... rejection to chemotherapy treatments. Contrary to what scientists believed, the gene does not cause Fanconi anemia. Researchers recommend modifying the clinical monitoring of patients with these mutations.
Jumping genes, transposons, are part of the genome of most organisms, aggregated into families and can damage the genome by jumping. How hosts suppress the jumping is well investigated. Why they still... can jump has hardly been understood so far. Researchers investigated for the first time in all transposons of the host organism, which properties and host environments facilitate jumping. They showed that family affiliation is more important than position.
No evidence has been found to support the idea that personality changes begin before the clinical onset of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, a new and comprehensive study reports.
(MediaSource) A new study at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center investigates how to reduce the number of infections in patients with spinal cord injuries without using antibiotics.
(University of Portsmouth) The University of Portsmouth is helping to tackle air pollution and its harmful effects in Sub-Saharan Africa.
(Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati) A new study demonstrated that people of normal weight tend to associate natural foods such as apples with their sensory characteristics. On the... other hand, processed foods such as pizzas are generally associated with their function or the context in which they are eaten. But that's not all. The research also highlighted the ways in which underweight people pay greater attention to natural foods and overweight people to processed foods.
(Children's National Health System) Residents often decide which antibiotics to start a patient on so they could become the first line of defense against antibiotic resistance, says Geovanny F. Perez,... M.D., a pulmonologist at Children's National Health System.
(Leopoldina) The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina today opened its 2017 Annual Assembly in Halle (Saale), with this year's theme being "Genome Editing - Challenges for the Future". The... two-day event sees distinguished international scientists come together to address new molecular biological methods that enable targeted genetic interventions.
(Institut Pasteur) Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, the CNRS, Collège de France, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and University Clermont Auvergne, have recently restored hearing and... balance in a mouse model of Usher syndrome type 1G characterized by profound congenital deafness and vestibular disorders caused by severe dysmorphogenesis of the mechanoelectrical transduction apparatus of the inner ear's sensory cells. These findings open up new possibilities for the development of gene therapy treatments for hereditary forms of deafness.
(RUDN University) Researchers from the People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) have studied the mechanism of drug resistance for ovarian and breast cancer cells. They discovered... that these cancer cells have redox-dependent mechanism which is tasked with sustaining their drug resistance. The results have been published in two articles in the journal of Free Radical Biology and Medicine.
(Technische Universität Dresden) Dr. Nikolay Ninov, group leader at the DFG research center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden, Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, and Paul Langerhans Institute... Dresden, and his group developed a system called 'Beta-bow,' which allows the history of β-cells to be traced by genetic bar-coding and multicolor imaging. The results of this study are now published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.
(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Collaborative on Health and the Environment, a San Francisco-based nonprofit dedicated to educating people on the ways in which the environment affects human... health and well-being, has named University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg as one of its '20 Pioneers Under 40 in Environmental Public Health' recognizing her 'exceptional levels of accomplishment in work that is rigorous, dynamic and builds critical knowledge.'
(University of Bonn) Whether or not we consciously perceive the stimuli projected onto our retina is decided in our brain. A recent study by the University of Bonn shows how some signals dissipate... along the processing path to conscious perception. This process begins at rather late stages of signal processing. By contrast, in earlier stages there is hardly any difference in the reaction of neurons to conscious and unconscious stimuli. The paper is published in Current Biology.
(American Association for Cancer Research) A pre-existing diagnosis of dementia was associated with increased risk of death for older patients with advanced colon cancer; however, some of the effects... of dementia on survival could be mediated by receipt of chemotherapy.
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Jumping genes, transposons, are part of the genome of most organisms, aggregated into families and can damage the genome by jumping. How hosts suppress... the jumping is well investigated. Why they still can jump has hardly been understood so far. Researchers from Vetmeduni Vienna investigated for the first time in all transposons of the host organism, which properties and host environments facilitate jumping. They showed that family affiliation is more important than position.
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) Beginning models should choose independent magazines in order to be successful in the fashion industry, but they should also keep in mind that... the fashion business is becoming increasingly closed off every year. This is one of the conclusions drawn by Margarita Kuleva, Research Fellow at the Centre for Youth Studies, HSE St. Petersburg, and her student, Daria Maglevanaya.