American Science News for 22 Sep 2017
Computers are getting good at a lot of things they didn't used to be able to do at all. They can drive cars, diagnose patients, and understand speech. They've even started to be capable of tasks that... involve qualities like compassion or creativity--qualities that, until now, have been distinctly human. Far from losing these skills, […]
A major project is underway to protect Australia's Great Barrier Reef from being smothered and poisoned by agricultural runoff
Three Okarito brown kiwis living wild in New Zealand are completely blind but in good physical condition, suggesting the species is evolving to lose its sight
While residents of the northern half of the Earth prepare for shorter days and colder weather -- the first day of fall is Friday (Sept. 22) -- there is a sky spectacle to enjoy.
Transport for London says Uber is 'not fit and proper' to operate in London, meaning its licence will expire after 30 September, unless the firm appeals
(Phys.org)--A team of researchers with the University of Vienna in Austria and Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands has developed a technique using photons for controlling and measuring... phonons. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their technique and suggest that their work might have laid the groundwork toward a method to store information in a quantum computer.
Here are the government buildings, military installments and industrial centers you can now peruse on Google Earth -- and three places still shielded from prying eyes.
Particle accelerators are the engines of particle physics research at Fermilab. They generate nearly light-speed, subatomic particles that scientists study to get to the bottom of what makes our... universe tick. Fermilab experiments rely on a number of different accelerators, including a powerful, 500-foot-long linear accelerator that kick-starts the process of sending particle beams to various destinations.
The superconducting magnets of the future are under development and CERN is on the front line. To increase the energy of circular colliders, physicists are counting on ever more powerful magnets,... capable of generating magnetic fields way beyond the 8 Tesla produced by the magnets in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
The University of Oxford's Department of Physics will play a pivotal role in a flagship global science facility that could change our understanding of the universe.
A revolutionary guitar string developed at the University of St Andrews has struck a chord with some of the greats of the music world.
Yale scientists have created a simple-to-produce device that uses sound waves to store quantum information and convert it from one form to another, all inside a single, integrated chip.
(University of Southern Denmark) Scientists confirm that the age and content of an old sack is in accordance with a medieval myth about Saint Francis of Assisi.
(World Scientific) 'Membranes for Gas Separations, Vol. 1' in the World Scientific Series in Membrane Science and Technology: Biological and Biomimetic Applications, Energy and the Environment,... addresses the subject of gas separation using membranes. The book is a collection of seven gas-separating membrane technologies' studies. Each chapter of this book is dedicated to a distinctive example of different membrane compositions including inorganic, polymeric, metallic, metal organic framework and composite, which have demonstrated successes in separating several industrially relevant gas mixtures.
(University of Chicago) Fifty years ago, scientists discovered that the Earth is occasionally hit by cosmic rays of enormous energies. Since then, they have argued about the source of those ultra-high... energy cosmic rays -- whether they came from our galaxy or outside the Milky Way.The answer is a galaxy or galaxies far, far away, according to a report published Sept. 22 in Science by the Pierre Auger Collaboration.
(World Scientific) 'The Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management' explores climate change and its association with socio-economic development and cultures, particularly in vulnerable... communities, and investigates how resilience to disasters can be built. As its title suggests, the focus is on mitigation strategies and policies to reduce and manage the consequences of natural disasters. The handbook covers pre- to post-disaster occurrences from a wide range of perspectives, such as gender and country.
(Aalto University) according to scientists from Aalto University Finland, viruses and nanoparticles can be assembled into processable superlattice wires. The demonstration shows that electrostatic... self-assembly of nanoparticles can potentially be used to form processable materials for future applications.
(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a potential new tactic for rapidly determining... whether an antibiotic combats a given infection, thus hastening effective medical treatment and limiting the development of drug-resistant bacteria. Their method can quickly sense mechanical fluctuations of bacterial cells and any changes induced by an antibiotic.
Just 30 minutes of easy exercise five days a week reduces your risk of premature death by 28 per cent, suggests the world's largest study of physical activity