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Medical News

Global Medical News for 18 Jun 2019

Scientists are developing a new class of drugs to treat a common genetic kidney disease which is a major cause of kidney failure.
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Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning. Until recently, researchers assumed that acute episodes of depression also impair empathy, an essential... skill for successful social interactions and understanding others. Novel insights show that antidepressant treatment can lead to impaired empathy regarding perception of pain, and not just the state of depression itself.
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Immunity: Redundancies in T cells

Science Daily - 18 Jun 2019 16:27
Researchers have discovered redundancies in the biochemical signalling pathways of immune cells. This finding has important implications for advances in cancer immunotherapy, among other areas.
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Sleep patterns can predict the accumulation of Alzheimer's pathology proteins later in life, according to a new study. These findings could lead to new sleep-based early diagnosis and prevention... measures in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
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Large numbers of healthcare workers risk transmitting respiratory viruses to patients and co-workers by attending work even when they have symptoms, according to a new study. The study found that 95%... of people working in healthcare settings have worked while sick, most often because the symptoms were mild or started during their workday.
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Researchers report that an experimental drug called vosoritide, which interferes with certain proteins that block bone growth, allowed the average annual growth rate to increase in a study of 35... children and teenagers with achondroplasia, a form of dwarfism.
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Researchers have discovered the mechanism behind how neural stem cells in fruit flies are activated to stimulate the generation of new brain cells.
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Tumors and certain viral infections pose a challenge to the human body which the immune system typically fails to hand. In these diseases it switches to hypofunctional state that prevent adequate... protection. A research team has achieved a major success: They identified the crucial molecular switch that triggers such dysfunctional immune responses. This could make it possible in the future to switch off or to prevent this state.
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Genetic cause for fatal response to Hepatitis A

Science Daily - 18 Jun 2019 15:44
Researchers have identified a genetic mutation that caused an 11-year-old girl to suffer a fatal reaction to infection with the Hepatitis A virus (HAV). The study reveals that mutations in the IL18BP... gene causes the body's immune system to attack and kill healthy liver cells, and suggests that targeting this pathway could prevent the deaths of patients suffering rapid liver failure in response to viral infection.
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A new study connects the proximity of fracking to higher household concentrations of radon gas, the second leading cause of lung cancer in the US.
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Blog You're invited! ECN and TE Connectivity (TE) will broadcast a free, educational webinar, "What's Powering the Future of Flight," from the Paris Air Show at the historic Le Bourget. From new... business uses for... Staff Author: Jennifer DeLaOsa Topics: MIL/AERO
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(European Society of Cardiology) The press programme for ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology is revealed today. Journalists are invited to attend late breaking science... press conferences and two themed press conferences: Too young to die and Your choices for heart health.
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(University of Sheffield) Scientists from the University of Sheffield are part of an international collaboration to develop a new class of drugs to treat a common genetic kidney disease which is a... major cause of kidney failure.
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Redundancies in T cells

EurekAlert! - 18 Jun 2019 06:00
(ETH Zurich) Researchers at ETH Zurich have discovered redundancies in the biochemical signalling pathways of immune cells. This finding has important implications for advances in cancer... immunotherapy, among other areas.
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(Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America) Large numbers of healthcare workers risk transmitting respiratory viruses to patients and co-workers by attending work even when they have symptoms,... according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. The study found that 95% of people working in healthcare settings have worked while sick, most often because the symptoms were mild or started during their workday.
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(University of Vienna) Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning. Until recently, researchers assumed that acute episodes of depression also impair... empathy, an essential skill for successful social interactions and understanding others. Novel insights of an interdisciplinary from the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna show that antidepressant treatment can lead to impaired empathy regarding perception of pain, and not just the state of depression itself.
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(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, the Murdoch Children's Research Institute in Australia and seven other medical institutions report that an experimental drug called... vosoritide, which interferes with certain proteins that block bone growth, allowed the average annual growth rate to increase in a study of 35 children and teenagers with achondroplasia, a form of dwarfism.
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(Oxford University Press USA) A new study in the Faculty of Public Health's Journal of Public Health, published by Oxford University Press, finds that tobacco and alcohol usage are extremely common in... British reality television shows.
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(University of Washington) A new article published by researchers from University of Puget Sound and University of Washington reports that, based on analysis of public wastewater samples in at least... one Western Washington population center, cannabis use both increased and substantially shifted from the illicit market since retail sales began in 2014.
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(University of Eastern Finland) Adequate intake of protein is associated with a reduced risk of frailty and prefrailty in older women, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland... and Kuopio University Hospital. Adequate protein intake was defined as at least 1.1 g per kg of body weight. The findings were published in European Journal of Nutrition.
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(Duke-NUS Medical School) Researchers in Singapore have discovered the mechanism behind how neural stem cells in fruit flies are activated to stimulate the generation of new brain cells.
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(University of Waterloo) Government policy and infrastructure have a substantial impact on hospitalization of older adults, according to a University of Waterloo study.The study examined the... experiences of 254,664 patients in home-care programs and 162,045 residents in long-term care in Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario.
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(IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute) IDIBELL researchers relate the amplification of a chromosomal region with resistance to a chemotherapeutic drug in breast cancer. Scientists propose a... new way to face this resistance and a first biomarker to predict if it could appear or not. The study was carried out by a team led by IDIBELL researchers, with the participation of Baylor College of Medicine (Houston) and the University Institute of Oncology of Asturias (IUOPA), among others.
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(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Tumors and certain viral infections pose a challenge to the human body which the immune system typically fails to hand. In these diseases it switches to... hypofunctional state that prevent adequate protection. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has achieved a major success: They identified the crucial molecular switch that triggers such dysfunctional immune responses. This could make it possible in the future to switch off or to prevent this state.
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Methods in belowground botany

EurekAlert! - 18 Jun 2019 06:00
(Botanical Society of America) Plant root systems play a crucial role in ecosystems, radically impacting everything from nutrient cycling to species composition. Despite their importance, scientists... are just beginning to develop the tools to understand how these complex systems are structured, how they function, and how structure and function are related. This special issue of Applications in Plant Sciences presents research from the cutting edge of root science, exploring questions from the subcellular to the ecosystem level.
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