American Medical News for 11 Dec 2017
(American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) Smoking during pregnancy is the most significant, preventable risk factor for poor maternal and infant health outcomes. However, clinicians... worldwide, including in the United States, report that they prescribe NRT at low levels due to lack of confidence and safety concerns. However, behavioral counseling combined with medication is the most effective smoking cessation strategy.
(Wiley) New research reveals that children born to women with rheumatoid arthritis face an increased susceptibility for certain chronic diseases.
(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center) Women exposed to air pollution just prior to conception or during the first month of pregnancy face an increased risk of their children being born with... birth defects, such as cleft lip or palate or abnormal hearts.
(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published in Annals of Botany has shown that plants react to anesthetics similarly to the way animals and humans do, suggesting plants are ideal objects for... testing anesthetics actions in future.
(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) Young adults who use electronic cigarettes are more than four times as likely to begin smoking tobacco cigarettes within 18 months as their... peers who do not vape, according to new University of Pittsburgh research. The findings demonstrate that e-cigarettes are serving as a gateway to traditional smoking, contrary to their purported value as a smoking cessation tool. The study is the first nationally representative survey that followed for more than a year people 18 to 30 years old who were initially nonsmokers.
(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Physicians in British Columbia are retiring earlier than previously thought and many are reducing their working hours in the years leading up to retirement,... found new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). These findings indicate that estimates based on physician 'head counts' from data on physician licences may be overestimating the number of active physicians.
(Georgetown University Medical Center) Consuming soy foods (such as soy milk, tofu and edamame) and cruciferous vegetables (such as cabbages, kale, collard greens, bok choy, Brussels sprouts, and... broccoli) may be associated with a reduction in common side effects of breast cancer treatment in breast cancer survivors, say a team of scientists.
(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Incentive payments, introduced to encourage community-based psychiatrists to see new patients after discharge from a psychiatric hospital or following suicide... attempts, do not increase access, found new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).